By Peter O'Brien
An envisioned twenty million Muslims now dwell in Europe, in most cases due to large-scale postwar immigration. In The Muslim query in Europe, Peter O’Brien demanding situations the preferred thought that the hostilities relating immigration—which keeps to impress debates approximately citizenship, headscarves, secularism, and terrorism—are a conflict among “Islam and the West.” particularly, he explains, the vehement controversies surrounding eu Muslims are higher understood as continual, unresolved intra-European tensions.
O’Brien contends that how to comprehend the politics of kingdom lodging of ecu Muslims is thru the lens of 3 competing political ideologies: liberalism, nationalism, and postmodernism. those 3 commonly understood philosophical traditions symbolize the main influential normative forces within the politics of immigration in Europe this day. He concludes that Muslim Europeans don't characterize a monolithic anti-Western bloc inside Europe. even supposing they vehemently disagree between themselves, it's alongside a similar simple liberal, nationalist, and postmodern contours as non-Muslim Europeans.